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19-20th Centuries in Bamiyan

by Mohammad Reza Sharifi last modified Aug 14, 2012 11:52 PM

--> 19-20th Centuries

In the 19th century, Bamiyan reappeared in the historical records. Many expeditions entered the region. In the early 19th century, Alexander Burnes and Charles Masson visited Bamiyan and sketched the statues of Buddha. In the late 19th century, based on Xuan Zang’s, Da Tang Xi Yu Ji, scholars such as Talbot, Simpson, and Maitland investigated the Bamiyan.

In the early 20th century, the Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan (DAFA) began the first full scale archaeological investigation of Bamiyan. Under the supervision of Alfred Foucher, André Godard and Joseph Hackin, DAFA researched the mural paintings and architecture of Bamiyan in great detail, and published two comprehensive report and several articles.

In the late 20th century, Japanese team from Nagoya, Kyoto, and Seijo Universities visited the area with Zemaryalai Tarzi of the institute of Archeology on Afghanistan. In addition to the archeological and art history investigations, conservation and restoration of the Bamiyan site was carried out by the archaeological survey of India.

Owing to such long time international investigation and research, Bamiyan become known as the crossroad of civilizations from India, Persia, and Central Asia. After 1979, the country descended to preventing further academic research at the site. In 1997, the Taliban regime took over the Bamiyan valley and threatened to demolish the site.

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