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What is the World Heritage?

by Mohammad Reza Sharifi last modified Aug 15, 2012 12:08 AM

--> What is the World Heritage?

World heritage sites are places of “outstanding universal
value” to humanity and are part of heritage of all humankind. Their protection is our shared responsibility for future generations.

As of April 2005, 788 sires have been identified and inscribed on the World Heritage List. They are protected by the cooperative efforts of international community in the framework provided by an international treaty, the Conservation Concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, which was adopted by UNESCO in 1972.


--> The Cultural Landscape of the Bamiyan Valley

A cultural landscape links nature and culture. Cultural landscapes can be included in the World Heritage List when interactions between people and natural environment are evaluated as being of outstanding universal value.

“The cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley” represent the artistic and religious development which from the 1st to the 13th centuries characterized ancient Bactria, integrating various cultural influences into the Gandhara school of Buddhist art. The area contains numerous Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries, as well as fortified edifices fro, the Islamic period.

--> Justification for Inscription on the World Heritage List

Criterion (i)
The Buddha statues and the cave art in Bamiyan Valley are an outstanding representation of the Gandharan school in Buddhist art in the central Asia region.

Criterion (ii)
The artistic and architectural remains of Bamiyan Valley, and an important Buddhist center on the Silk Road, are an exceptional testimony to the interchange of Indian, Hellenistic, Roman, Sasanian influences as the basis for the development of a particular artistic expression on the Gandharan school, to this can be added the Islamic influence in a later period

Criterion (iii)
The Bamiyan Valley bears an exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition in the Central Asian region, which has disappeared.

Criterion (iv)
The Bamiyan Valley is an outstanding example of a cultural landscape which illustrates a significant period of Buddhism.

Criterion (v)
The Bamiyan Valley is the most monumental expression of the western Buddhism. It was an important center of pilgrimage over many centuries. Due to their symbolic values, the monuments have suffered at different times of their existence, including the deliberate destruction in 2001, which shook the whole world

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